In this study, a parsimonious hydrological modelling algorithm is proposed based on the automated DEM-based geomorphic characterization of runoff dynamics in scarcely monitored river basins. The proposed approach implements the instantaneous unit hydrograph (IUH) concept, estimated using the width function (WF), for characterizing the travel time distribution using just one parameter, the river network flow velocity. Hillslope velocities are defined using spatially-distributed empirical formulas based on slope and soil-use information extrapolated from digital topographic data. Case studies are presented for testing model performance and comparing simulated and observed hydrographs of 25 selected flood events, as well as investigating the differences with the geomorphological instantaneous unit hydrograph (GIUH) model results. The calibration of the WFIUH channel flow velocity parameter using the concentration time is investigated providing interesting insights for the use of such a method for hydrological prediction in ungauged basins.

A parsimonious geomorphological unit hydrograph for rainfall-runoff modelling in small ungauged basins

Nardi F
2012

Abstract

In this study, a parsimonious hydrological modelling algorithm is proposed based on the automated DEM-based geomorphic characterization of runoff dynamics in scarcely monitored river basins. The proposed approach implements the instantaneous unit hydrograph (IUH) concept, estimated using the width function (WF), for characterizing the travel time distribution using just one parameter, the river network flow velocity. Hillslope velocities are defined using spatially-distributed empirical formulas based on slope and soil-use information extrapolated from digital topographic data. Case studies are presented for testing model performance and comparing simulated and observed hydrographs of 25 selected flood events, as well as investigating the differences with the geomorphological instantaneous unit hydrograph (GIUH) model results. The calibration of the WFIUH channel flow velocity parameter using the concentration time is investigated providing interesting insights for the use of such a method for hydrological prediction in ungauged basins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12071/681
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