A large-scale floodplain delineation algorithm is applied to identify potentially inundated areas at the basin scale. The model, whichmainly uses a digital elevation model (DEM) and design flood peak discharge at the outlet as input data, is implemented within ageographic information system (GIS). It implements a preliminary GIS-based terrain analysis framework for estimating the streamnetwork, surface flow direction and drainage grids, while the core algorithm implements an automated fluvial cross-section extractionfor discharge and flow height estimation. The delineation is then implemented by filtering the floodplain cells as those cells whoseelevation is lower than the corresponding channel flow height. The proposed ‘hydrogeomorphic floodplain’, obtained on the TiberRiver basin (approx. 17 000 km2) using the global NASA Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) DEM at 90 m resolution, iscompared to the official flood maps of the Tiber River Basin Authority to evaluate the model behaviour with respect to standard floodmapping results. The presented case study shows the potential of using an automated GIS algorithm and largely available remotelysensed data for the preliminary identification of the floodplain footprint at the global scale.

Comparing A Large-Scale Dem-Based Floodplain Delineation Algorithm With Standard Flood Maps: The Tiber River Basin Case Study

NARDI F;Biscarini C
2013

Abstract

A large-scale floodplain delineation algorithm is applied to identify potentially inundated areas at the basin scale. The model, whichmainly uses a digital elevation model (DEM) and design flood peak discharge at the outlet as input data, is implemented within ageographic information system (GIS). It implements a preliminary GIS-based terrain analysis framework for estimating the streamnetwork, surface flow direction and drainage grids, while the core algorithm implements an automated fluvial cross-section extractionfor discharge and flow height estimation. The delineation is then implemented by filtering the floodplain cells as those cells whoseelevation is lower than the corresponding channel flow height. The proposed ‘hydrogeomorphic floodplain’, obtained on the TiberRiver basin (approx. 17 000 km2) using the global NASA Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) DEM at 90 m resolution, iscompared to the official flood maps of the Tiber River Basin Authority to evaluate the model behaviour with respect to standard floodmapping results. The presented case study shows the potential of using an automated GIS algorithm and largely available remotelysensed data for the preliminary identification of the floodplain footprint at the global scale.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12071/395
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