In this paper, we propose a measurement technique based on local strain measurements to perform real-time reconstruction of the overall structural deformation and the distributed stress field produced by the impact of a body on a water free surface. In particular, we seek establishing a measurement chain capable of acquiring and elaborating the signals at high frequency, so that it can be utilized to study rapidly varying strain fields, such as those occurring in impulsive events. Fiber Bragg gratings are utilized to sense the local structural deformation. Experiments are conducted on flexible plastic wedges with variable deadrise angles impacting on a quiescent fluid surface. The experimental tests are performed in free fall and we explore variations of the entry velocity by varying the drop height. The structural deformation is reconstructed from point-wise strain measurements utilizing a modal reconstruction methodology. The impact dynamics are analysed through accelerometers and linear position sensors. Results show that the impact behaviour of the flexible body is characterized by a main overall deformation where the structure is distorted in the direction of the loading, whereby marked vibrations, whose amplitude increase with the entry velocity, dominate the dynamic response. The influence of the mode shapes considered in the present analysis on the accuracy of the results is also observed. The proposed methodology allows for a fairly high acquisition frequency, which translates into a real-time structural reconstruction technique. Results show that the proposed methodology can be a valuable tool for the live monitoring of structures undergoing impact events.

Live monitoring of the distributed strain field in impulsive events through fiber Bragg gratings

Biscarini C;
2016

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a measurement technique based on local strain measurements to perform real-time reconstruction of the overall structural deformation and the distributed stress field produced by the impact of a body on a water free surface. In particular, we seek establishing a measurement chain capable of acquiring and elaborating the signals at high frequency, so that it can be utilized to study rapidly varying strain fields, such as those occurring in impulsive events. Fiber Bragg gratings are utilized to sense the local structural deformation. Experiments are conducted on flexible plastic wedges with variable deadrise angles impacting on a quiescent fluid surface. The experimental tests are performed in free fall and we explore variations of the entry velocity by varying the drop height. The structural deformation is reconstructed from point-wise strain measurements utilizing a modal reconstruction methodology. The impact dynamics are analysed through accelerometers and linear position sensors. Results show that the impact behaviour of the flexible body is characterized by a main overall deformation where the structure is distorted in the direction of the loading, whereby marked vibrations, whose amplitude increase with the entry velocity, dominate the dynamic response. The influence of the mode shapes considered in the present analysis on the accuracy of the results is also observed. The proposed methodology allows for a fairly high acquisition frequency, which translates into a real-time structural reconstruction technique. Results show that the proposed methodology can be a valuable tool for the live monitoring of structures undergoing impact events.
FBGSHM; High speed imaging; Modal decomposition; Hydroelasticity; Water entry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12071/1047
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